Composed of thousands of unique interlocking components, each dress is 3D printed as a single folded piece and requires no assembly. The Kinematics Dress represents a new approach to manufacturing which tightly integrates design, simulation, and digital fabrication to create complex, customized products.

Bodies are 3-dimensional but clothing is traditionally made from flat material that is cut and painstakingly pieced together. In contrast, Kinematics garments are created in 3D, directly from body scans and require absolutely no assembly. We employ a smart folding strategy to compress Kinematics garments into a smaller form for efficient fabrication. By folding the garments prior to printing them, we can make complex structures larger than a 3D printer that unfold into their intended shape.

The custom-fit dress is an intricately patterned structure of thousands unique triangular panels interconnected by hinges, all 3D printed as a single piece in nylon. While each component is rigid, in aggregate, they behave as a continuous fabric allowing the dress to flexibly conform and fluidly flow in response to body movement. Unlike traditional fabric, this textile is not uniform; it varies in rigidity, drape, flex, porosity and pattern through space. The entire piece is customizable, from fit and style to flexibility and pattern, with Kinematics Cloth, our app for clothing.

museum collections

The Kinematics Dress is included in the permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art and the Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum.

  1. Kinematics Dress 1

    2014
  2. dress in motion

    2014
  3. dress fabrication

    2014
  4. Kinematics Cloth app

    2014
  5. Kinematics Fold simulation

    2014
  6. Kinematic Petals Dress

    2016
  7. Kinematics Dress 6

    2015
  8. Kinematics Dress 2

    2014
  9. Kinematics Dress 3

    2015
  10. Kinematics Dress 4

    2015
  11. Kinematics Dress 5

    2015
  12. dress sketches

    2014
  13. Kinematics Dress 7

    2015